Most people believe that the Garden of Eden – a “heavenly” paradise. In fact, Eden – is the name of an ancient country or locality where God (as evidenced by the Bible), planted the Garden of Eden, in which before the fall of our first ancestors lived peacefully – Adam and Eve (peace be upon them). In other words, the Eden represented an abundant, God blessed the consecrated area somewhere on the ground. The Bible says about this country and its coordinates as follows: “And the Lord God planted a garden in Eden in the east; and there he put the man whom he had formed And the LORD God to grow out of the ground every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food; the tree of life in the midst. . garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil river went out of Eden to water the garden; it was separated into four headwaters the name of the first is Pishon; it flows around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold.
And the gold of that land is good; there is bdellium and the onyx stone. The name of the second river is Gihon; it flows around the whole land of Cush. The name of the third river Tigris; it proceeds to Assyria. The fourth river is the Euphrates “(” Genesis “, 2: 8-14).
We can not say that the Bible gives a clear localization of Eden, but the details are not so scarce that it was impossible for him to try to determine the location of this blessed country.
The Bible says that Eden was “in the east”. In the east, from what? It will naturally assume that in the east of modern Palestine, ancient Canaan – the place where the biblical texts were composed. After all, if we read in the ancient record written, for example, in Kiev, that a place was “in the east”, we would immediately think that we are talking about the area to the east of Kiev.
East determined very easily: this is the point where the sun rises. Of course, the ancient Jews could not confuse east with the west, or south or north. After all, the rising sun every day reminded them, in which direction is east. So strange are the attempts of some modern researchers “find” Eden somewhere in Egypt or Ethiopia. At the same time they refer to the Bible, which clearly states: Eden was located in the east (to the east of Palestine, Canaan). But Egypt and Ethiopia are in the opposite direction – to the west and southwest. It is unclear why rely on a very definite indication of the Bible, if you come to opposite conclusions?
In addition, only going to the east of Palestine, we arrive just in time for the geographical points that are clearly identified in the Bible. What are these items?
Assyria, Tigris, Euphrates
From Assyria and the Euphrates clear. Assyria – an ancient state in Mesopotamia (Mesopotamia), which lasted until the year 610 BC. Euphrates – the river flowing from the Armenian Taurus, that is, as is also called the mountains of the Lesser Caucasus. Hiddekel, as we know, one of the ancient names of the Tigris River, which flows from the same of the Lesser Caucasus Mountains. Earth, lying between the rivers, and called Mesopotamia (Mesopotamia). At a time when biblical texts were written (I millennium BC), the river Tigris (Hiddekel) actually leaked “before Assyria,” and she Assyria was powerful country known throughout the Middle East.
If the two rivers (Tigris and Euphrates) flowed out of Eden, the Garden of Eden he was somewhere in the Caucasus – in fact, these rivers have their sources in the mountains of the Lesser Caucasus.
Science knows perfectly well that the ancient inhabitants of Armenian Highland (the Lesser Caucasus) were Hurrians. This is confirmed by all the Orientalists, historians, including Armenian (Gregory Kapantsyan Emma Khachikyan and others.) By the way, the word “hur”, which became the basis for self-designation Hurrians, just means “east” (as opposed to the word sur – “West” who gave the name of Syria). Both of these Hurrian words with the same meaning is still preserved in the Chechen and Ingush languages, which are descendants of the Hurrian dialects.
Pishon and Havilah
In the Bible, called the river Pishon, as one of the rivers of Eden. About it says that it “flows around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold.”
Commentators biblical names argue that “Pison” in Hebrew means “abundance of water” (see. “Bible Encyclopedia”, Moscow, 1990., Str.733). Interestingly, in the original Hebrew name is written as “hison” (swings “x” to “f” are typical for many languages, including Vainakh where Chechen chords – “Sea”, Ingush pronounce Ford). It is possible that the formant “chi” in “hison” title somehow connected with the Vainakh word Chi – “water”, “river”. The probability of this communication is enhanced when we remember that the same formants found in ancient river tiger title – “Tigris”. Hurrians are known to be called Tiger “Arantsahi” – literally “lowland river”, “river flowing across the plain.”
In any case, the Bible indicates that the river Pishon “flows around the land of Havilah”, and most biblical commentators see in this title some terrain in the Caucasus ( “Bible Encyclopedia”, str.735). Consequently, the Pishon River is one of the Caucasian rivers (the time it flows through the “land of Havilah”, localized by researchers in the Caucasus).
And the fourth river of Eden – Gijon. The identification of this river with the Chechen river GIH (in Russian transcription – Geghi) can be met with disbelief. In this case, it is useful to remind readers of a number of factors associated with this river /
The Chechens still plain between Urus-Martan and Achkhoy-Martan GIH-called ape ( “Gekhi plain”), and the whole area, the most populous in Chechnya, sometimes denoted by the word “GIH”. To the source of the river directly adjacent mountain area nasah recognized by all indigenous ancestral home of the Chechen and Ingush Taipei. In the era of the Imamate of Shamil entire flat part of the Chechen Republic (Chechnya Small) called Gekhi naibstvom, which is evidence of more than today, the importance of the field of GIH-ape (or GIH) in Chechen life. Village Geghi Chechens called “nana-GIH” ( “Mother Geghi”), a Russian called Kyiv “the mother of Russian cities.”
As the distance to the ancient historical value -geograficheskoe GIH river increases sharply. Thus, the Byzantine Emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitus, who lived in the X century, in his historic treatise “On the management of the empire”, mentions the river Geghi along the Volga, the two most important rivers in eastern Europe, is well known in Byzantium ( “On the control of empires” , M., 1999., p.155). One of the leading Caucasiologists VP Kobychev directly compares the Byzantine hydronym “Geghi” with the name of the Chechen river Geghi – GIH (see “Caucasian ethnographic collection,” the IX MY, M. 1989 str.23-24..).
Therefore, we believe that the biblical river Gihon may well be the Chechen river GIH: because everyone else “river of Eden” mentioned in the Bible, have their origins in the Caucasus. And if not only knew the Middle Ages Geghi River in the far Byzantium, but left her name next to the name of the Volga (Itil), in ancient times it could well be mentioned in the same breath with such rivers as the Euphrates and Tigris.
Be that as it may, the biblical river Gihon can only be one of the rivers in the Caucasus, and in the Caucasus only river GIH (Geghi) has full consonance with the name “Eden” Gijon.
Eden – “blessed place”
We see that the analysis of the biblical names associated with the location of Eden, indicate the Caucasus as a country where the “Garden of Eden”.
The word “Eden” is translated from Hebrew as “sweet, sweet (place).” And if we look at the suras of the Qur’an, we see that Scripture calls the Caucasus Muslims “blessed place” Thus, we read:
“We sent Noah to his people, and he said:” O my people! Worship Allah, you have no other god but Him, – do not you be afraid? “
And he said a host of those of his people who disbelieved:. “This is only a man like you, he wants to get over you the advantage And if Allah willed, He would certainly have sent down angels, we have not heard of this among our first . It is the fathers – only the man in whom the madness, wait for him to some pores. “
He said, “Lord, help me because they considered me a liar!”
And We revealed to him: “Make the ark before our eyes and by Our inspiration, and when it is our decree and boil oven, then enter it from all two pairs and your family, except those which preceded my word, and do not talk to me about those who were unrighteous; indeed, they are sunk!
And when thou be established: and those who are with you, on a ship, then say: “Praise be to Allah who has saved us from the unjust people!”
And say: “O Lord, stop me in the place of blessing, you – the best of the villagers!”
Truly, in this – the signs, and indeed, we are “(” Believers “, verse 23-30).
If we remember that the Prophet Nuh (peace be upon him) after the flood came to the earth is in the Caucasus (evidence of this is also in the Koran and in the Bible), not only the geographical coordinates and the name “Eden”, as a symbol of “the blessed place “, connects it with the Caucasus.