Was it that of the Chechens? Yes. This is confirmed by at least the facts that are prevalent in the elderly today. Before the Muslim period, he was limited to names of the months, the phenomena of nature and labor activities of people. For example: Ianan yuh – the beginning of winter, Bardal Aza – the end of winter, Ohana Khan – plowing, mangalan Khan – while mowing. But after the adoption of Islam, everything became more concretized with reference to the Arabic calendar, with the exact names of the months. But now the good connoisseurs of Arabic consume Chechen names of the months, bypassing Arab. For example, say marhiyn Butt, not in Arabic – Ramadan. Chechen name “ruzma” does not coincide with the Arabic name of the calendar “takviymun”. Even the word confirms that the Chechens had its own calendar. Some of the names of the months are derived from the Arabic calendar, but they do not repeat their names. Number of days and months of the same correspond to the lunar calendar. Thus, we see that neither the name of the Chechen months does not repeat their Arabic names. This proves once again that we had our own calendar. Let’s see, that indicate the names of the months: Khollaman Butt – the month of the New Year. Balabossaran Butt – a month of sorrow, which means that on the last Wednesday of the month from the sky down to the ground the trouble, which covers all the suffering, to whom it will be. Movladan Butt – month Movlid – praise, the 12th of this month was born the Messenger of Allah Muhammad. In honor of his birthday, inviting people as possible and state read Movlad – praise of the Prophet (pbuh). Ohana Butt – plowing month (pre-Islamic period). Chechens then plowed once a year, and this corresponds to the month of April. Hunarkovsaran Butt – the month identify the valor of the young. For this exam, each preparing for a year to train together with someone or alone. If the young man stood exam in these years, he is awarded the title konaha (horseman), who became known throughout the county. Zuhra sedan – Zuhra-month Venus. Zuhra was pretty nice. One day an angel from heaven came down and fell in love with her. She promised to marry him if an angel would call a classified hundredth name of God, as the other 99 names of people known. Because of love for her, he called it a name, for which he was punished by God. To others on the ground that name did not recognize, Zuhra raised to the sky and turned into a star. All this happened in the month corresponding to June, which is called honor Zuhra. ChIirehkaran Butt – month ban for revenge. In this month, you can not kill krovniki, even if it is in sight. (Interestingly, in this month of northerners, particularly Russian, do not beat and do not eat dogs. They say that in this month highlights the dog poison in the body). Tours sedan Butt – month ripening melons and fruits. In this month ripened watermelons, melons and some fruits. When the star appeared, people were safely on melons, do not hesitate to ripeness gifts of nature. Marhiyn Butt – the month of fasting (or Eid al), which in the daytime do not eat or drink. Esaran Butt – month-frost, appearance of the first frost shows the approach of cold weather. Lahan Butt – month meat preparations for the winter, when consumed mainly jerky. GIurban or Hazhdaran Butt – month of Kurban Bayram, or pilgrimage. In this month from 10 to 12 the number of slaughtered sheep over 6 months or seven people together can cut cattle older than two years, the camel, and it is desirable to distribute the meat to the poor. In addition, this month those who have the condition, or may need to go to Mecca to perform the Hajj. The poor and the poor are exempt from this fardza - responsibilities.
Why seven days a week? – Old people say that it corresponds to the seven heavens and the seven lands. Days at the sacred Chechens. According to legend, God created people:
Chautemps diynah (Saturday) – Lattanash – Earth;
KIiran diynah (Sunday) – Lamanash – Mountains;
Orshotan diynah (Monday) – Dittash – Trees;
Shinarin diynah (Tuesday) – Bodanash – Twilight;
Khhaariyn dyne (Wednesday) – Hyp – Shining the Light;
Eariyn diynah (Thursday) – Haybanash – Cattle;
PIeraskan diynah (Friday) – Adamash – People.
Orshot – Monday
Shinare – Tuesday
Khaari – Wednesday
Yiari – Thursday
PIerask – Friday
SHUOT – Saturday
KIira – sundays
Since man was created on Friday, Muslims consider it the most sacred day, which is similar to the Christian Sunday. Not only a week but also Chechens day and is divided into seven parts. Here is a brief about the Chechen calendar, hearing A.Yusupovym of old and found in books. Adam Dolata local historian writes that he spent more than 30 years compiling Vainakh large calendar. He writes – Calendar of any nation – depot is very difficult. We live not only in space but also in time. If you know the latitude and longitude of a city, it is easy to find it on a map; parallel and meridian accurately indicate the address of any place in space. Address the same time – the date of any event – gives us a sort of time card. It has its own “parallel” and “meridians” – a calendar, a leading track of time. Almost every one of the ancient peoples had their own calendar and chronology led by his era, leading the countdown from the most important in their opinion, developments. It could be a mythical and valid, but strictly defined time. Restore former ancient calendar – this means to restore some pages of history, religion, language and even ethnography. Already this listing suggests the importance of the concerns raised by the teacher. In his article, he asks: “Do Nokhchi calendar was?”, And replied in the affirmative, makes a strong case. In the beginning, he points out, “to the Muslim period of calendar months was limited to names, the phenomena of nature and work of people” – by seasons. There is some truth, but not all. In this ancient people as Nokhchi leading their ethnonym from the name Noah – the first post-Flood the Prophet according to the Koran (Nuh), the patriarch of all the peoples of the Bible (Noah) and the multi-valued homonym “chi” in the following meanings: “Chi” – the people, “conductive “- he, himself,” tsIy “- blood,” cho “- the house, the essence of the concepts of:” People of Noah, “” The people of Noah, “” People of blood Noah “,” People at home in November, “could not be a the calendar.
The oldest in Eurasia word ‘Nokhchi “recorded in ancient written monuments – in the cuneiform tablets Bogazkeyskogo archive. Hittite king Suppiluliuma, who lived at the end of the XV century BC, says: “When I went to Nuhapshi campaign, I took possession of all of its countries. King was killed, his mother, his brothers, his sons, I captured and led to Heth “…
“Nuhapshi” and “Nokhchi” essentially identical. In Nokhchi according to legend, ancient times there were two calendars – “Large” and “Small”. Large calendar -. “Ayran shoIar” (Accumulation summer eternal time of God (Ira) His full Chechen name -. “Ayran ISS tsIekhloniyn shariIatan shoIar” At the head of our calendar is the god of eternal time Ira Ira -. One of the nine Supreme god options Ra, its essence through time and today Ingush talk about time as follows:.. “from the beginning” – “Ira halha” Big calendar “Ayran shoIar” had the option – “Ra Azam”, from this ancient formula, where “Ru” – ” Ra “,” Aza “- Malha Aza,” Ma “- the god – son of Ma, the ruler of the sun,” Zama “,” ruzma “,” ruzma. “- temporary simplification of the Ru / Azam” it follows that Yusupov yourself using old – ancient keepers, I learned the real name of our ancient calendar Small.
Now, let us clarify the essence of the full name of Vainakh perpetual calendar. If “Ira” – the god of time, “ISS” – nine, “TsIekhlo” – repeating the cycle, “shariIat” – a tradition in Vainakh “shoIar” – the accumulation of years. That is nine eternally cyclical calendar traditional god of time – Ira with the cosmic year of 25,000 years.
The question arises: why devyatierny and that is for the first nine eras? For the answer we must turn to the Vainakh names of the stars, the planets. In the nine-er er management are: – the sun, the moon, the seven heavenly planets; – “Malha Asa” (the Sun itself), its time cycle which lasts 2400 lunar years, Betta (Moon) – 2400, “Misar” (Mars) – 2400, “Rosh” (Mercury) – 2400, “HIay” (Neptune ) -2400, “Narta” (Uranus) – 2400, “Pati” (Plutonium) 3600, “Satan (Saturn) -2520,” Irkapi “(Jupiter) – 2080 years. According to curve the orbit of all the planets spin cycle – 3600 years. In the cycles “shoIara” turn two of the stars and the planets are on the “Gara guonie” on the wrong orbit, and the rest for “Gorga guonie” – on the correct orbit. As a result, there is an accumulation of DC – 2500 years. Among er Vainakh devyatiernogo calendar there is one era that Vainakh considered hostile and mean the Earth and all living things, including humankind. This is the era of “Ira” – Jupiter, the duration of which 2080 years. It has the option of “Sahara” – The mean, taking care of the Sahara desert. After all, the desert got its name from the epithet “Sahara” – buying.
According to the esoteric legend in Nokhchi TIierry (Supreme god Ra) were daughters of the god granddaughter – son of “Ma” – Latta, Aza, Betta, Misar, Rocha, HIay, Narta, Spata, Pati and Irkap (our light and the feminine planet). Esoteric legend says that all the people of Ma – a man named Fovka and from the goddess, the daughter and granddaughter of the god Ra Ma named Asa.