Queen Margo

Dynastic questions during this era could make absolutely various political sense. The facing social groups quite often gave support to the competing applicants for a throne, class fight was given a shape of dynastic dispute. Dynastic conflicts could be fight between participants and opponents of involvement of the country in the century conflict. Moleno to tell the same also about the court intrigues acting like a penalty fee, on a surface of historical process. And this “foam” eventually reflected a being of the taking place events. Happened even a situation when in it, really as in a water drop, very considerable phenomena when it played a role of that accident in which not only historical need, but which leaves the mark on further social development is shown were reflected. There were many such accidents influencing the course of the century conflict on participation in it of various countries. Dynastic marriages gave the chance to turn the course not only internal fight, but also an antagonism on the international scene in the necessary direction. And when forces which were standing up for this or that decision more or less counterbalanced each other, this or that turn of dynastic combinations gained rather independent value. Sometimes in emergence or turn in development of the century conflicts a considerable role was played by accidents of diplomatic and court history or maybe they served also as a detonator of big historical events. … In the novel “Queen Margot” (the first of the series devoted to drama events of 70th and 80th of the 16th century in France) A. Dumas widely used memoirs of contemporaries including Margarita Navarrskoi’s “Memoirs” which were written in two and a half decades after the Massacre of St. Bartholomew. The image of this of “the woman of quality of an era of the Renaissance” underwent considerable changes under a feather of the novelist. He exercised the right to represent it during blossoming of youth and beauty, leaving in oblivion other, later years it to life when it became object of satirical couplets and obscene jokes. However, and by the time of its marriage with Heinrich Navarrsky if to iyerit it to the subsequent recognitions, she managed to visit the mistress of three brothers — Charles IX, Henry III and the duke Francois Alansonsqui — and the duke Giza in addition (what, however, also Dumas hinted more than once at). Margarita Navarrskaya (in events of the Massacre of St. Bartholomew it was told about her role above), despite the pktivny participation in political intrigues which entirely was defined by her passions and love affairs, was never politician — what undoubtedly was her close relative Maria Stewart — and nevertheless it held such position which attached political significance to her many acts. The role which it had to play in itself was a consequence of the political situation which developed in France and Europe in general. Romana Dumas in detail on-nestvuyut about plots and intrigues in which center there was the first wife of Heinrich Navarrsky. These zago-Ra — too not fiction of the writer, but actually they occurred differently, than describes Dumas, at other alignment of forces and other structure of participants whose motives quite often differed from created by the inexhaustible imagination ‘the nshmenity novelist. It should be noted that the purposes for-izhorov were closely connected — if not directly decided — on the century conflict which tore apart Europe of that era. Dumas represents the count de La Molia who won heart of the windy beauty queen, the young man of 25 years who arrived to Paris from Provence. Actually it was 20 years more senior — almost the old man on but to pitiya of that time. Standing idle three or four masses daily to pray for forgiveness the sins, de La Mol did not concede to anybody in the gallant adventures making the scandal news dvora1. The L but Mol was not a beginner in political intrigues. At the request of Charles IX, very favorable to it, the count went to Mopdon to look for the queen’s hands for the duke Alansonsqui. De La Mol, it seems, made impression on Elizabeth, and” mission did not lead it to success. From the king’s confidants it passed into suite of the duke Alansonsqui whom hoped to turn into the tool of the ambitious plans. By this time de La of Mol because of the love affairs managed to get hatred of a number of influential rivals, especially the duke Anzhuysky — future Henry III. Then in an environment of the duke Alan-sonsky there was also pyemontets Annibal Kokonnato famous is more under the name of de Coconnas’s column. At the end of 1573 Ekaterina Medici, having convinced of failure of the attempt to suppress Protestantism in France, again sought to achieve peace, as in the months preceding the Massacre of St. Bartholomew. The “politicians” who are brought closer to the power, especially the marshal Monmoransi, began to put forward idea of war against Spain again, and Ekaterina — again sharply to condemn these plans. In the followed next round of intrigues de La Molia accused of attempt to organize attempts at the duke Giza at the request of Monmoransi and the duke Alansonsqui. Monmoransi retired, but de La the Moth decided to try to carry out the plan of involvement of France in war against Philip II. Just by this time — the beginning of the novel of the skilled temper and queen Navarrskaya seeming for contemporaries unusual because of a difference in situation and age of the affected persons also belongs to January — February, 1574 —. Queen Margot under the influence of de La Molia adjoined at this time party of “politicians”. Progress of a provansalets caused jealousy in the duke Alansonsqui and Charles IX which even agreed to strangle him on a palace ladder. De La Mol escaped by means of Coconnas and his mistress of the duchess Not – beliefs, in detail narrates Dumas about it. De La Mol and Margarita convinced the duke Alansonsqui to take part in the plot made by “politicians” and Protestants. It provided revolt against Charles IX and actually transfer of power in hands of the duke Alansonsqui. The attempt of flight of the duke Alansonsqui and Heinrich Na-varrsky appointed to April 10, 1574. it was not successful — they were given by Charlotte de Sov who was at the same time the mistress both of them and the queen-mother’s spy. On April 14 the Spanish troops crushed in battle at Moor-Kerkheyda group of one of participants of plot. The coward duke Alansonsky hurried to give the accomplices. De La Mol prosecuted parliament, but he even under torture did not make any confessions. On the contrary, Coconnas who proved as the furious murderer during the Massacre of St. Bartholomew tried to save to himself life, informing on all whom only knew, and attributing them any crimes. However on April 30 he was executed together with de La Molem at whom found Margarita’s figure with a crown on the head. Magic actions over such, usually wax, figures were considered capable to cause passion or to jinx. It was convenient to consider that the figure is the image of the king, and superstitious Ekaterina even seriously attributed deterioration in health of Karl to action of magical charms. By order of the queen-mother searches of the astrologer Rudzhiyeri doing such figures began. The astrologer who is changed clothes by the peasant — he tried to take refuge in the Florentine Embassy — delivered to Ekaterina Medici. She decided to spare it, counting that Rudzhiyeri will manage to cure the king. On the basis of process materials de La Molia Charles IX ordered to make arrests of marshals of de Monmoransi and дс Kosy. It even more rallied “politicians” and Huguenots, new revolt began. The English queen Eli-Veta interceded for Heinrich Navarrsky and the duke Alansonsqui, but encountered firm refusal. In 1573 Ekaterina Medici managed to achieve great success — her beloved son Heinrich was elected ми the Polish throne. Having at itself in the back of the king from the house Valois, Austrian Gabsburgi had to take more careful position on France now. Charles IX wishing to get rid of the unloved brother forced it to accelerate the postponed departure to Warsaw more than once. However, the new Polish king only also thought of return to Paris as soon as he receives news of close death of his sick brother. Charles IX died in the middle of new revolt of Huguenots on May 30, 1574. The duke Anzhuysky who is hastily called by Ekaterina ич Poland succeeded to the throne under a name of Henry III. The long chain of intrigues of Margarita against the new king began. The duke Alansonsqui and Heinrich Paiarrsky fled Paris. In the second half of the 70th years Henry III addressed thought of war against Spain more than once to put on a throne of the Netherlands the younger brother Francois — the duke Alansonsqui (then the duke Anzhuysky) who was much annoying the king in France. And Ekaterina Medici in the same time built absolutely as it appeared, impossible plans of a marriage of the younger son on her own niece — the infanta Isabella, Philip II’s daughters who had to bring the Netherlands as a dowry. As for the queen Margo, she will and participate further in a set of intrigues, adjoining different parties. At Margarita’s insistance one of her fleeting lovers will kill on October 31, 1575 the royal favourite de Tast insisting on resolute fight against Spain, and on Henry III’s instigation the jealous husband of the countess Monsoro and his servant will kill another a cart * lyublenny queens — the legendary duelist Byussi. There will be many such drama episodes in life of “Valois’s pearl”, “magician”, “new Minerva” as court flatterers called the queen Margo. However, Ronsar and Malerb, Brantom and Montei gave in to her charm, and it was accompanied by glory of the patroness of sciences. In July, 1585 Margarita Valois abandoned the husband to join Catholic camp, and Azhan in the center of Protestant Yugo-Za-pada was locked in fortress, having asked for the help Gizam and Philip II. The help, however, was late, and fortress was taken by storm by Heinrich Navarrsky’s troops. Margarita was imprisoned in fortress Yuson from where she ran by means of the agent Gizov, however only soon to be grabbed and returned into custody again. Philip II accused Henry III of the help to Heinrich Navarrsky at Azhan’s taking, and the French king reproached Spaniards for the help to the queen Margo not only money, but also soldiers-aragontsami2. Margarita had to test many vicissitudes of life (her mother even thought of murder of the daughter to marry Heinrich Navarrsky on some of the relatives), again and again to change beloved, one of whom killed another in the face of the queen. The similar case repeated then, and this time the murderer was beheaded at the request of Margarita. By this time Heinrich Navarrsky became Henry IV, and Margo managed to manage to get large concessions for the consent to divorce. Last time its destiny adjoined to big-time politics when the queen Margo was mixed, the truth indirectly, in the plot which led to Henry IV’s murder (it will be stated further). She died in 1615 when its political role was played for a long time.

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